The Westminster Standards, Christian Statism, and the Scottish Reformation

A large number of Puritans and early Presbyterians promoted what Rev. Brain Schwertley’s calls Christian statism, in a recent lecture by him he refutes this with biblical exegesis of Isaiah 49:23 which tends to be a favored text with people who hold to a seventeenth century view of the establishment principle. There are certain conservative Presbyterian groups even today who regard everything done during the Second Reformation period of (1625-1650) in Scotland as scriptural. They argue that since John Knox and the Scottish church and the Scottish Parliament believed in a public education system, as set forth in the First Book of Discipline written in 1650, it must be biblical. They also argue that since theonomists disagree with Knox and the Second Reformation on some issues as to the limited role of the state, theonomy must be wrong. Although the modern theonomy movement has a very poor record on the issues of worship, ecclesiology and the keeping of the Sabbath, its stance regarding the roles of the family, church and state in education and charity are exegetically sound and are in line with the original Westminster Standards.

Part Two:

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